Verbena officinalis

  • Size can vary greatly, ranging from 6″ groundcovers to 6′ plants.
  • All verbenas benefit greatly from regular deadheading.
  • All types are welcome in the butterfly garden.
  • Verbenas demand a full sun location.

This large family of tender perennials (treated as annuals throughout most of the country) show off finely cut foliage topped by spectacular clusters of purple, red, white, yellow, orange, or bi-colored blooms. The nectar-rich flowers are also prized by butterflies and hummingbirds. Depending on the variety, will grow 12 to 30 inches in either upright or trailing forms. Verbena is a sun-worshipper that excels in garden beds, window boxes, or hanging baskets. In warmer climates verbena can also be used as a colorful perennial landscape plant. Verbena is also deer resistant. Hardy from zones 7-10.

Plant verbena in a sunny location with rich, well drained soil. If you are growing verbena in containers use a commercial potting soil mix. Verbena is drought tolerant, but blooms best if not forced to dry out. Water whenever the soil feels dry to the touch. Be sure to remove the flower heads as they fade to promote additional bloom. Verbena is not frost tolerant so protect the plants if an unexpected late spring cold snap threatens.

Common names: Vervain, Verbena, Yerba de Santa Ana, Enchanter’s Plant, Herb of the Cross, Juno’s Tears, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeonweed, Herb of Grace.

Verbena is not recommended for human or animal consumption.