Agave Century Plant

Agave americana

  • Year round evergreen foliage.
  • This plant is a Texas native.
  • Agave is well known for its sweet nectar.
  • Provides food/shelter for bees, butterflies and birds.
  • Full sun to part shade.

The Century Plant, is monocarpic, meaning it will bloom once in its lifetime. That bloom may not appear for 10, 20 or more years, depending on the climate. Many species in the genus Agave flower just once, although there are a few that are repeat bloomers.

After blooming, the century plant dies back, but offsets around its base usually leave gardeners with a supply of plants. Century plants do best in an area that receives at least a half-day of sun and in well-draining soil, in the garden or in a large pot. They can become enormous — 6 to 8 or more feet tall with a rosette of 20 to 40 leaves that can be a dozen feet across. The succulent foliage stores water, and the waxy coating helps prevent water loss. The huge leaves, nearly a foot wide, are smooth and rigid, and have sharp teeth along the margins, providing some cultures with weapons. They’re gray-green or gray-blue, but there are variegated forms as well.

Common Names: Century Plant, Blue Agave, American Aloe, Maguey


Agave americana ‘Variegata’ 

VARIEGATED AGAVE CENTURY PLANT –   Common in cultivation, having twisted green leaves with marginal bands of bright yellow. The leaves gracefully fold back on themselves giving much the appearance of giant bands of striped ribbon. Its tight rosette of stiff, sword-shaped leaves, each up to six feet long and 10 inches wide, makes a dramatic statement in the landscape and is much favored for use in rock gardens. Locate it at least six feet away from walks and other areas where people could contact the spiny foliage.

The sharp spine at the tip of its toothed leaves is often removed to protect people and pets.